The SPBD is a staff survey that provides information to help school teams implement schoolwide positive behavior supports (SWPBS or PBIS). The SPBD helps schools understand staff beliefs about behavior and discipline, including their beliefs about schoolwide expectations, school climate, and supports and resources. Understanding staff perceptions enables schools to better support staff while planning and implementing schoolwide positive behavior supports (SWPBS).

The SPBD survey is available free of charge. Upon completion of the survey, schools will receive a detailed report outlining next steps.

How the SPBD can help your school

Teams are encouraged to use the SPBD to assess and evaluate the concerns and philosophies of staff members on behavior and discipline. The SPBD will help you understand the needs of your staff and school system to facilitate implementation and prevent resistance or barriers to implementation. Teams can use the SPBD at any stage of implementation. Using the SPBD prior to implementing PBIS/SWPBS is useful in guiding planning decisions. Using the SPBD during implementation of PBIS/SWPBS helps to increase sustainability.

The 5 Major Domains of the SPBD

The SPBD was developed by Drs. Laura Feuerborn at the University of Washington, Tacoma, and Ashli Tyre at Seattle University. The SPBD is a research-based, needs assessment tool for staff and school systems. Both qualitatively and quantitatively, it assesses 5 domains and 4 critical indicators.

The SPBD also measures 4 areas critical to the successful implementation and sustainability of SWPBS, including:

  1. 1. Knowledge & skills,
  2. 2. Training,
  3. 3. Buy-in, &
  4. 4. Communication

At the end of the survey, open-ended questions allow staff to voice their concerns about SWPBS as well as their views of the strengths and needs of the school.

The 5 Step Process

1. Complete the request.

If your school is interested in using the SPBD, complete the SPBD survey request form. You can access the SPBD request form here. Once you have submitted your request, the coordinator will send your school’s unique survey link to you via email. Typically, you will receive the link within 3 days of the request.

2. Send to all staff.

Then, you or another leader in your school will send your SPBD link to all classified and certificated staff who work directly with students. Staff complete the survey anonymously because this encourages more honest, authentic responses. The typical time to complete the SPBD is 20 minutes, although this depends on the amount of time staff choose to invest in the open-ended items. Staff tend to need a timeline of 1-2 weeks to complete the survey.

3. Check the numbers.

After you believe staff have completed the survey, send an email to the coordinator to check the number of responses. If you feel this number is representative of the staff, then the coordinator will close your survey and create your report.

4. Receive your data report.

Typically, it takes less than 3 days to receive your customized SPBD report. This report contains basic statistics, a summary of potential facilitators and barriers to change, and recommendations for your school. Sample reports can be accessed here.

5. Share it!

It is important that school teams share the information with staff and discuss how they intend to use the information. This step alone can help develop staff ownership and buy-in!

Several weeks after receiving your SPBD report, you may receive a brief follow-up survey to assess your satisfaction with the SPBD tool and allow you to offer your own feedback.

SPBD Reliability & Validity

To read about the technical adequacy and development of the SPBD, please see the following publication in Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions (JPBI):

Feuerborn, L., Tyre, A., & King, J. (2015). The Staff Perceptions of Behavior and Discipline (SPBD) Survey: A tool to help achieve systemic change through schoolwide positive behavior support. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 17(2), 116-126.

More research can be accessed here.