SPBD Support
Staff Perceptions of Behavior and Discipline
(SPBD) Supports and Resources
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SPBD Overview

The SPBD is a research-based survey for schools. The SPBD is a staff survey that provides information to help school teams implement schoolwide positive behavior interventions and supports (SWPBIS or PBIS). The SPBD helps teams understand staff beliefs about behavior and discipline, including their beliefs about schoolwide expectations, school climate, and supports and resources. Understanding staff perceptions enables schools to better involve staff and implement schoolwide positive behavior supports (SWPBIS).

The SPBD survey and data report are free of charge.

Upon completion of the survey, schools receive a data report that contains aggregated data and recommendations.

How the SPBD can help your school

Teams are encouraged to use the SPBD to assess and evaluate the concerns and philosophies of staff members as related to behavior and discipline. The SPBD will help you understand the needs of your staff and school system to facilitate implementation and prevent resistance or barriers to implementation. Teams can use the SPBD at any stage of implementation. Using the SPBD prior to implementing PBIS/SWPBIS is useful in guiding planning decisions. Using the SPBD during implementation of PBIS/SWPBIS helps create a cycle of improvement and sustainability.

The 5 Major Domains of the SPBD

The SPBD was developed by Drs. Laura Feuerborn at the University of Washington, Tacoma, and Ashli Tyre at Seattle University. Both qualitatively and quantitatively, it assesses 5 domains and 4 critical indicators.

  • Factor I. Teaching and acknowledging expectations: Effectiveness and need
  • Factor II. Systems: Resources, supports and climate
  • Factor III. Implementation integrity
  • Factor IV. Philosophical views of behavior and discipline
  • Factor V. Systems: Cohesiveness and openness to change

The SPBD also measures 4 areas critical to the successful implementation and sustainability:

  • Knowledge & skills
  • Professional Development / Training
  • Commitment / Buy-in
  • Communication in the school

At the end of the survey, open-ended questions allow staff to voice their specific concerns about SWPBIS as well as their views of the strengths and needs of the school.

The Process

1. Complete the request.

If your school is interested in using the SPBD or StPBD, complete the SPBD survey request form. You can access the SPBD request form here. Once you have submitted your request, your school's unique survey link will be automatically sent to you via email within one day.

You will receive two links in one email. One will allow you to monitor response rates and alter your survey close date. The other is the link to your school’s survey. If you fail to receive this link, please check junk/clutter/spam folders.

2. Discuss the purpose of the survey with staff and/or families, along with how the data will be used.

3. Send the survey link to staff and/or students.

You or another leader in your school will send the SPBD survey link to all classified and certificated staff who work directly with students. Staff complete the survey anonymously because this encourages more honest, authentic responses. The typical time to complete the SPBD is 15 minutes, although this depends on the amount of time staff choose to invest in the open-ended items. Staff tend to need a timeline of 1-2 weeks to complete the survey, with a reminder. We recommend having staff complete the survey during a designated time (e.g., staff meeting).

4. Check the numbers.

Use your survey request link to check your response numbers. If you feel this number is representative of the staff, then you can close your survey early to receive your report earlier.

5. Receive your data report.

Once your survey closes, then your report will be generated within two days. This report contains basic statistics, a summary of potential facilitators and barriers to quality implementation, and basic recommendations for your school. Sample reports can be accessed here. If you fail to receive your report, please check your junk/spam/clutter folders.

6. Share it!

It is important that school teams share the information with staff and discuss how they intend to use the information. This step alone can help develop staff ownership and buy-in! Of course, teams and leaders will want to review and filter the information first, taking care to remove any potentially problematic statements from the open-ended responses.

Several weeks after receiving your SPBD report, you may receive a brief follow-up survey to assess your satisfaction and allow you to offer your own feedback to help us improve the surveys for future users.

SPBD Reliability & Validity

To read about the technical adequacy and development of the SPBD, please see the following publications:

Feuerborn, L., Tyre, A., & King, J. (2015). The Staff Perceptions of Behavior and Discipline (SPBD) Survey: A tool to help achieve systemic change through schoolwide positive behavior support. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 17(2), 116-126.

Feuerborn, L., Tyre, A., & Zečević, M. (in press). Factor validation of the Staff Perceptions of Behavior and Discipline (SPBD) survey. Remedial & Special Education.

More research can be accessed here.