Frequently Asked Questions

  • Who is the SPBD survey intended for?

    The SPBD is completed by certificated and classified staff who work directly with students. This may include general and special educators, counselors, supervisors, school psychologists, speech and language pathologists, paraprofessionals, bus drivers, recess supervisors, and custodial and cafeteria staff. The data gathered from the SPBD is used to help teams or school leaders understand the strengths and needs of the staff and larger school system. This understanding guides planning and implementation decisions. It can help leaders anticipate staff resistance and prevent barriers to achieving sustainable change.

  • How reliable and valid is the SPBD survey?

    See publication in JPBI for a full report on the technical adequacy of the SPBD:

    Feuerborn, L., Tyre, A., & King, J. (2014). The Staff Perceptions of Behavior and Discipline (SPBD) Survey: A tool to help achieve systemic change through schoolwide positive behavior supports. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 17(2), 1-11.

    To develop the content of the SPBD, a team of faculty and graduate students conducted a review of the SWPBS and the systems change literature. The review of the literature revealed several common themes that were used to develop the content. The survey was piloted in schools, and both researchers and practitioners provided feedback. The internal validity of the SPBD was investigated through exploratory factor analysis of the survey items. The core 24 items on the SPBD were subjected to Principal Components Analysis (PCA). Principle components analysis was performed and revealed the presence of five components or scales for the SPBD, explaining 54.6% variance cumulatively. Review of the five factors revealed a theoretical fit with the literature on SWPBS and systemic change. The five factors identified as part of the SPBD include:

    Factor I. Teaching and acknowledging expectations: Effectiveness and need (.67)

    Factor II. Systems: Resources, supports and climate (.73)

    Factor III. Implementation integrity (.79)

    Factor IV. Philosophical views of behavior and discipline (.62)

    Factor V. Systems: Cohesiveness and openness to change (.58)

    Last, hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was used to explore the relationship of the SPBD to school and staff level variables. The SPBD was significantly related to the level of SWPBS implementation as measures by the School Evaluation Tool (SET). The SPBD was also significantly related to school level, staff understanding of SWPBS, staff support for SWPBS, and hours of professional development. As scores on the SPBD increased all of these variables also increased, with the exception of school level. As school level increased, SPBD scores decreased, suggestioning that secondary school staff provided lower ratings on the SPBD as compared to primary school staff.

  • How do I get the survey?

    To request the SPBD survey click here to complete the request form.

  • How much does the SPBD cost?

    The SPBD is a free online survey. Both the survey and a detailed report are provided free to users. The report presents in detail the aggregated results of repsonses to survey questions. Aggregates are compared to best practice thresholds, and analysis and improvement strategies are provided where appropriate. In addition, the report lists the anonymized, verbatim resposnes to open-ended questions.

  • What will we need to complete the SPBD, and how long does it take?

    Typically, once a link to the SPBD is created, the school staff completes the survey within 1-2 weeks. We recommend the survey is presented in conjunction with schoolwide discussions, including open agreement that the survey is beneficial to planning and implementation activities. Once the link to the SPBD is sent to staff, you may wish to allocate time, approximately 30 minutes, for staff to complete the survey. Special consideration should be given to staff who work irregular schedules or have limited access to computers. Many schools find offering the survey during a scheduled staff meeting to be helpful.

    Once a representative number of staff have completed the survey, we will send you a data report. Samples of this report may be viewed under the SAMPLE SPBD tab on the first page of this site.

  • We've completed the SPBD, now what?

    It is important to review the data with your staff and use the information to guide planning. Also, you may need to further investigate specific themes that arose from the staff responses. The SPBD report identifies potential facilitators and barriers to change as reported by your staff. Additional references including a list of recommendations specific to each SPBD domain is listed under the Resources tab on the opening page of this site. If further assistance or support is sought, please contact Laura Feurerborn at feuerl@uw.edu

  • When should I send the survey to staff?

    Although we recommend sending the survey to staff in the early spring to aid planning for the following year, it can be completed at any point during the school year.